Print this page

FA Laws for Mini-Soccer Years 2 to 6 (5v5 and 7v7)

This guide provides the Laws for Year 2 and Year 3 versions of the game, with children playing a maximum of 5v5.

It also provides the Laws for Year 4 and Year 5 of the game, with children playing a maximum of 7v7.

These Laws are also correct for Year 6 when playing 7v7.

These are short-term experiences helping children learn about winning and losing in an appropriate environment.

  • Year 2: No season-long league tables; Short-term competitions lasting two weeks (three per season)
  • Year 3: No season-long league tables; Short-term competitions lasting two weeks (three per season)
  • Year 4: Noo season-long league tables; Short-term competitions lasting four weeks (three per season)
  • Year 5: No season-long league tables; Short-term competitions lasting four weeks (three per season)
  • Year 6: No season-long league tables; Short-term competitions lasting six weeks (three per season)

The winners of these events can be published and trophies can be presented.

Except where other provision, in these Laws are made, the Laws of Association Football apply. Each Law is numbered to correspond with the appropriate Law of the Game. These Laws are mandatory unless special permission is granted by The Football Association.

Law 1: Playing Area

Halfway Line

The field of play is divided into two halves by a halfway line. The centre mark is indicated at the mid-point of the halfway line. This is also used as the retreat line when restarting play with a goal kick.

Goal Size

The distance between the posts is 12ft and the distance between the lower edge of the cross bar and the ground is 6ft.

Please Note: If the Year 6s are playing 7v7 it is permissible to play with 16x7 goals too, based on the age of the child, not the format.

Law 2: The Ball

  • The ball should be size 3 for Years 1 to 4
  • The ball should be size 4 for Years 5 to 9
  • It should be safe and made of leather or another suitable material

Law 3: Number of Players

Maximum number per team, including goalkeeper

  • Year 2 and Year 3: 5v5
  • Year 4 and Year 5: 7v7

Year 6 children are permitted to play 9v9 but the recommendation is they play 7v7 in primary schools (as Year 5 children cannot play 9v9).

If a primary school can only put down one pitch due to availability of grass space, install a 60x40 for Years 4 to Year 6 to use.

The above indicates the maximum number of players per team at that age group. If the competition would like to have smaller numbers, e.g. 4v4 at Year 5, this is allowed within this framework.

A match may not START if either team consists of fewer than four players in a 5v5 and five players in a 7v7 match.

The minimum number of players in a team required for a match to CONTINUE is also four for a 5v5 match and five players for a 7v7 match.

Matches can begin with uneven sides, e.g. 5v4, but the importance and ethos of Mini-Soccer should be upheld wherever possible and the development of the children should come before the score line.

Players must play with and against players only from their own age range, as per Football Association and Competition rules. However, please see the Standard Code of Youth Rules as this means in most cases there is a two year age band in place.

Each team must have a squad no greater than double the size of the team per age.

Any number of substitutes, without being named, may be used at any time with the permission of the referee. A player who has been replaced may return to the playing area as a substitute for another player.

All team members should receive equal playing time where possible, with a best practice recommendation of at least 50% per player for each game.

Law 4: Playing Equipment

Players must wear shin guards and goalkeepers must wear a distinguishing playing strip. Shin guards must be covered entirely by the socks.

Players must wear the appropriate clothing dependant on the weather.

Correct footwear must be worn for the surface of the pitch e.g. no metal studs on artificial grass pitches.

Law 5: Referees

The Authority of the Referee

Each match is controlled by a referee who has full authority to enforce the Laws for Mini-Soccer in connection with the match to which they have been appointed.

Furthermore, referees should also recognise their role is to facilitate learning of the players, for example, allow young children to take a second attempt at a throw-in if the first is not within the Laws.

Law 6: Assistant Referee

Assistant referees are not required.

Law 7: Duration of the Game

In any one day, no player shall play more than

  • 40 minutes for Year 2 and 3
  • 60 minutes for Year 5
  • 100 minutes for Year 6

It is the responsibility of the parent/carer or organisation to ensure the child does not exceed this.

Each school will determine its own playing time within the maximum time permitted however the maximum duration will be

  • Year 2 and Year 3: 2 x 20 minutes
  • Year 4 and Year 5: 2 x 25 minutes
  • Year 6: 2 x 30 minutes

It is permitted during friendly matches that the periods of play can be split into equal quarters.

The half time interval must not exceed 5 minutes.

Law 8: Start and Restart of Play

Procedure

A kick-off is taken at the centre of the playing area to start the game and after a goal has been scored.

Opponents must be 5 yards away from the ball and in their own half of the field. The ball must be played forward. In Mini-Soccer a goal cannot be scored directly from a start or restart of play.

Special Circumstances

A dropped ball to restart the match, after play has been temporarily stopped inside the penalty area, takes place on the penalty area line parallel to the goal line at the point nearest to where the ball was located when the play stopped. No goal can be scored direct from a dropped ball.

Law 9: Ball In and Out of Play

Normal rules apply, as per Laws of Association Football.

Law 10: Method of Scoring

Normal rules apply, as per Laws of Association Football.

Law 11: Offside

There is no offside.

Law 12: Fouls and Misconduct

Normal rules apply, as per Laws of Association Football. However, in Mini-Soccer all free kicks are direct.

A free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the goalkeeper:

  • Takes more than 6 seconds to release the ball from his/her hands
  • Touches the ball again with his/her hands after it has been released from his/her possession and has not touched any other player
  • Touches the ball with his/her hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him/her by a team mate
  • Touches the ball with his/her hands after he/she has received it directly from a throw in taken by a team mate

For all these offences, the free kick should be taken from the penalty area line, parallel with the goal line, at the nearest point to the offence.

Law 13: Free Kicks

For all free kicks opponents must be 5 yards from the ball.

Law 14: Penalty Kicks

Normal rules apply, as per Laws of Association Football.

Position of the Ball and the Players

All players except the defending goalkeeper and kicker must be outside the penalty area and at least 5 yards from the penalty mark.

The ball must be kicked forward.

Law 15: Throw-in

Normal rules apply, as per Laws of Association Football.

In addition, Year 2 and Year 3 children are permitted to roll the ball underarm with one or both hands into the field of play.

The role of the referee is to also allow young players to learn the game. This may involve letting players take throw-ins again, if incorrect technique is used. The referee should ensure the same player attempts a second time, with guidance and help from the match official.

Law 16: Goal Kick

Procedure

A player of the defending team kicks the ball from any point within the penalty area.

Opponents must retreat to their own half until the ball is in play.

The defending team does not have to wait for the opposition to retreat and has the option to restart the game before should they choose to.

The ball is in play when it is kicked directly out of the penalty area.

Law 17: Corner Kicks

The opposing players must remain at least 5 yards from the ball until it is in play.

The kicker may not touch the ball again until it has touched another player. If he/she does, a free kick is awarded against them.

The ball is in play immediately when it enters the field of play.


Previous page: Competition Rules
Next page: FA Laws for 9 v 9 Football